How can the law in England and Wales be reformed in order to regulate offensive online communications with respect to the right of freedom of expression?


  • Estelle Chambers
  • Laura Carr
  • Charlotte Bushby
  • Rebecca Everson
  • Sarah Curran
  • Jaskaran Chatha



The evolution of social media in recent years has significantly changed the way society interacts and engages with each other. Research has shown that there has been a 21% increase in social media usage by UK adults from 2011 to 2017. This drastic shift regarding the way we communicate can be said to bring many benefits; however, it can also impose serious legal issues. Such legal issues include ‘revenge porn’, online blackmail and ‘trolling’. For the purpose of this investigation, the main focus of the research will be on the area of offensive online communications.The investigation will cover the effectiveness of the current criminal law in terms of offensive online communications. In addition to this, the research will be highlighting any gaps within the current law in regard to overcoming this problem. When considering potential reforms, the right to freedom of expression will remain at the forefront of the research to prevent any alienation of human rights.






Undergraduate Posters